TNP is a paradise for research and ecotourism, the ecosystems of the area are so complex and diverse that visitors can expect anything in the routes, passing from calm to find any species of flora and fauna of Costa Rican Caribbean.
At TNP humid tropical forest and very humid tropical forest predominate. The annual average precipitation reaches 19.6 feet (6,000 mm). The highest rainfall months are July and December, the least rain are March, April and October. The annual average temperature ranges between 77 Fahrenheit (25 ° C) and 86 Fahrenheit (30 ° C). The heat, humidity and rain are companions on the journey.
• Protect nesting beaches for 4 sea turtles species: Green (Chelonia mydas), Baula (leatherback, Dermochelys coriacea), Carey (Hawksbill, Eretmochelys imbricata), Cabezona (loggerhead, Caretta caretta).
• Protects important populations of endangered species.
• Protects the habitat of the manatee (Manati, Trichechus manatus), which is one of the most rare and endangered mammals in Costa Rica.
• Protects the habitat of the largest felines in America. Tortuguero has one of the largest populations of Costa Rica and a consolidated research program.
• Protects the ecosystem called Yolillal (Raphia taedigera)
Flora and fauna (identified to date):
• 734 plant species.
• 442 bird species.
• 138 mammal species (101 genera y 32 families).
• 118 reptile species (76 genera y 22 families).
• 58 amphibian’s species (27 genera y 11 families).
• 460 anthropoid’s species.